Generally, pomegranate peel is simply thrown out, but little do people know that it also happens to be the source of pomegranate peel extract, which is available in the form of dietary supplements. Pomegranate peel extract itself happens to be a very potent and rich source of antioxidants, such as punicalagins, vitamin C, etc. It is also believed that a wide variety of health benefits are also provided by pomegranate peel extract, such as improving cardiovascular health. Research has shown that pomegranate peel is also rich in polyphenols that have antioxidant effects and it also contains ellagitannins like punicalagins that are also antioxidants known to reduce inflammation. Nonetheless, the use of pomegranate peel extract supplementation is only recommended after consulting with a health-care professional.
Pomegranate Peel Extract Benefits
Over the years, alternative medicine practitioners have used pomegranate peel extract for the prevention and/or treatment of health problems like colds, cough, diabetes, gum disease, high cholesterol, and sore throat. Above all, pomegranate peel extract reduces oxidative stress, which many studies have suggested is the reason behind its various positive health effects.
Pomegranate peel extract has proven to be helpful in lowering levels of cholesterol in several animal-based studies. For instance, in the study “Lipid Lowering Effect of Punica granatum…,” it was seen that total cholesterol in animals is reduced significantly when given pomegranate peel extract. It also protected the liver from damage. The animal-based study “Polyphenol-rich extract of pomegranate …” also suggests that it is possible to keep cholesterol in check by taking pomegranate peel extract supplementation. It was also discovered that probiotic bacterial growth in the stomach is also promoted by pomegranate peel extract.
Another animal-based study “Antidiabetic potential of Citrus…” claims that diabetes can be potentially controlled with the use of pomegranate peel extract. It was discovered in the study blood sugar levels are modulated by the polyphenols that pomegranate peel extract contains, while insulin levels are also improved by them.
The study “Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extract…” also presents evidence of the anti-cancer benefits of pomegranate peel extract. Colon cancer in rats was inhibited from developing further in this particular study. Moreover, it has been seen in the preliminary study “The antioxidant potency of Punica granatum…” that taking pomegranate peel extract supplement may help fight breast cancer. This study was conducted on human breast cancer cells and it was noted that pomegranate peel extract induced apoptosis, i.e. the death of cancer cells, prevent breast cancer from growing and spreading.
Pomegranate Peel Extract Dosage
Examine.com claims that the optimal dose of pomegranate peel extract for humans is not known yet. However, it is also mentioned there a good starting bioactive dose is to take 800 milligrams of pomegranate peel extract, preferably containing 318 milligrams of punicalagins. Apparently, such a dose will effectively increase the blood’s antioxidant potential. It has been seen that treatment of pomegranate peel extract with a dose between 50 milligrams and 300 milligrams per kilogram of body weight can significantly decrease cholesterol, LDL and triglyceride levels, and can also increase serum HDL level. A 200 milligrams per kilogram of pomegranate peel extract has also shown an antidiabetic potential, such as decreasing alpha-amylase activity and serum levels of glucose.
Pomegranate Peel Extract Side Effects
There is no evidence that suggests that the use of pomegranate peel extract may cause side effects. Pomegranate peel extract contains somewhat the same components as pomegranate and pomegranate juice. So, people who have experienced difficulty breathing, itching, running nose and swelling after consuming pomegranate and/or pomegranate juice may also experience these same side effects if they take a pomegranate peel extract supplement.
Again, the use of pomegranate peel extract supplementation is safe in most cases. There have been reports where people have experienced their blood pressure dropping after drinking pomegranate juice. So, people already taking blood pressure medication should avoid the use of pomegranate peel extract supplements as this could lead to a risky decline in blood pressure. Pomegranate peel extract may also cause an allergic reaction is people who suffer from plant allergies.
- Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Lipid Lowering Effect of Punica granatum L. Peel in High Lipid Diet Fed Male Rats.
- Br J Nutr. Polyphenol-rich extract of pomegranate peel alleviates tissue inflammation and hypercholesterolaemia in high-fat diet-induced obese mice: potential implication of the gut microbiota.
- Biofactors. Antidiabetic potential of Citrus sinensis and Punica granatum peel extracts in alloxan treated male mice.
- Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extract efficacy as a dietary antioxidant against azoxymethane-induced colon cancer in rat.
- J Med Food. The antioxidant potency of Punica granatum L. Fruit peel reduces cell proliferation and induces apoptosis on breast cancer.
- Examine.com. Punicalagins.