Cinnamon extract is an excellent herbal supplement obtained from the bark and flower of Cinnamon plant; it is one of the most popular aromatic spices known to man and has been used for its flavoring and medicinal benefits in China, Europe, and Egypt. Cinnamon is contained in two types, the Ceylon cinnamon and Cassia Cinnamon; a unique distinction between the two is that Ceylon cinnamon is sweeter, lighter, and more refined than cassia. Besides, Cassia has a higher content of coumarin, a compound that acts as a blood thinner after ingestion. Cinnamon has been widely used in various medical institutions as an incredible cure for diabetes. It contains essential oils that contain active compounds such as Cinnamaldehyde, flavonoids and coumarin that enhance its anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and neuroprotection effects.
Cinnamon extract benefits
Cinnamon has incredible anti-diabetic properties; according to a study in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, Cinnamon slows the rate at which stomach empties the high-carbohydrate intake in the intestines, which reduces their absorption into the bloodstream, reducing the increases in blood sugar levels. Besides, it stimulates the insulin receptors, which enhances efficient utilization of glucose and improves the ability of the cells to respond to insulin; thus, it reduces the blood sugar levels in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Cinnamon contains potent anti-microbial benefits; numerous studies have confirmed the antimicrobial properties of Cinnamon; a study in the Journal of Food Microbiology revealed that few drops of Cinnamon oil inhibited the growth of the pathogenic and foodborne Bacillus cereus for at least 60 days. According to another study published in Mycopathologia, Cinnamon oil is highly toxic to Candida, a fungus that causes yeast infections. As a powerful anti-bacteria agent, cinnamon inhibit the growth of certain bacteria, including Listeria and Salmonella; thus it can be used in food preservation, protecting against microbial overgrowth of certain foodborne pathogens and as powerful natural disinfectant. A study in Food Science and Nutrition has shown that cinnamon oil preservative has been used to prevent mold in bread packaging industries.
Cinnamon contains anti-viral property; a study in the Indian Journal of Medical Research showed that procyanidin polymer obtained from Cinnamon can turn HIV-infected patients into HIV controllers; thus, patients carrying the Virus may not develop full-blown AIDS. Another study in Phytotherapy Research found that Eugenol compound in Cinnamon is effective against Herpes. Additionally, Cinnamaldehyde ingredients help prevent an infectious virus that causes adenovirus infection in the respiratory system including common cold syndrome, pneumonia, croup, and bronchitis.
Cinnamon enhances cognitive ability; studies in Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging have shown that Cinnamon aromatic spice and flavor acts as a cognitive stimulant, improving memory function and promoting virtual recognition memory and virtual motor responses. Research in Chemoreception Sciences showed that Cinnamon may be effective in alleviating and slowing age-related cognitive decline and other diseases associated with cognitive decline.
Cinnamon contains cancer and heart benefits; a study in Free Radical Biology & Medicine showed that Cinnamon is an excellent solution for treatment of colon cancers and tumors. Essentially, it is a source of dietary fiber, iron, and calcium. Both calcium and fiber are powerful combinations that bind to bile salts eliminating them from the body; this process prevents the damaging effect of certain bile salts to colon cells, reducing the risk of developing colon cancer. Besides, the removal of bile salts improve the breakdown cholesterol to produce more bile, which help to lower high cholesterol levels, thus prevent the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease. According to a study in Diabetes Care, the ability of Cinnamon to control blood sugar levels helps to lower LDL cholesterol & triglycerides levels, which further promote cardiovascular health.
Cinnamon contains Neurodegenerative effects; Cinnamon prevents Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, characterized by a progressive loss of structure and function of brain cells. A study in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease shows that Cinnamaldehyde and Epicatechin compounds found in cinnamon inhibit the buildup of specific proteins in the brain that characterizes Alzheimer’s disease. An animal-based study in mice published in the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology shows that cinnamon enhances neuron protection, normalized levels of neurotransmitter and improved motor function associated with Parkinson’s disease.
Cinnamon extract dosage
Apparently, no publications have been made on the exact dosage of Cinnamon on various diseases; however Cassia cinnamon may not be safe when consumed in quantities exceeding 6 grams. The typical recommended dosage of ground cinnamon is 1 to 1.5 grams daily in studies of diabetes and 0.05 to 0.02 grams daily of cinnamon oil, according to New York University. The appropriate dose of Cassia cinnamon primarily depends on age, health, and several other conditions. Notably, natural products containing Cinnamon are not always safe and prescribed dosages are recommended.
Cinnamon extract side effects
Adverse effects related to Cinnamon have not been reported in doses up to 6 grams daily, according to the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA). However, some mild side effects always occur; primarily, Cinnamon oil may cause skin irritation and allergic skin reactions. Excessive intake of Cassia cinnamon may cause liver disease in individuals sensitive to coumarin.
Patients diagnosed with liver disease, diabetes, and pregnant or nursing mothers should consult their physician or pharmacist before taking cassia cinnamon supplements. Cassia cinnamon has potential drug interaction, especially with those medications used to control diabetes. Importantly, you should not combine Cinnamon supplements with Hepatotoxic and Antidiabetes drugs or herbs that affect the liver or lower blood glucose levels. Some of these herbs include fenugreek, red yeast, garlic, ginseng, and according to MedlinePlus. Some medications that can harm the liver include acetaminophen, amiodarone, Tegretol, and isoniazid.
- Mycopathologia: Anticandidal efficacy of cinnamon oil against planktonic and biofilm cultures of Candida parapsilosis and Candida orthopsilosis.
- Food Science and Nutrition: Antimicrobial activities of commercial essential oils and their components against food-borne pathogens and food spoilage bacteria
- Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology: Cinnamon: Potential Role in the Prevention of Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome, and Type 2 Diabetes
- Diabetes Care: Is type II diabetes associated with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction? A critical review of published studies.
- Journal of Nutrition Health Aging: Glucose regulation and brain aging.
- Free Radical Biology & Medicine: The cinnamon-derived Michael acceptor cinnamic aldehyde impairs melanoma cell proliferation, invasiveness, and tumor growth.
- Diabetes Care: Cinnamon improves glucose and lipids of people with type 2 diabetes.
- Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease: Orally Administrated Cinnamon Extract Reduces β-Amyloid Oligomerization and Corrects Cognitive Impairment in Alzheimer's Disease Animal Models
- Indian Journal of Medical Research: A survey of some Indian medicinal plants for anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity.